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Understanding Hair Damage

Updated: Apr 22

Hair damage before and after

What causes damage, its effects on the hair, and what remedies are available to repair it?

Our hair is often considered our crown. It is usually the first thing people notice when they look at us, affecting our feelings. For instance, when we are sick and unable to wash our hair, it feels great when we finally get to rewash it! Having great hair can boost our confidence, but maintaining healthy hair requires proper attention and care.

Unfortunately, multiple factors can damage our hair, leading to dryness, breakage, and dullness. Understanding the causes, effects, and remedies is essential to maintaining healthy hair that looks great and feels fantastic, too! In this blog post, our team at GH Hair Design in Kings Lynn will advise on the leading causes of damaged hair and how to prevent it.

The Causes of Hair Damage

A close up of hair damage and after hair treatment with GH Hair Design

Do you have damaged hair? Well, you're not alone! There are several reasons why your hair might be feeling dull and lifeless. Let's look closer and see if we can figure out what's causing the problem.

Heat styling

Excessive heat and using electrical appliances such as hair dryers, straighteners, and curling irons can remove natural moisture from your hair, resulting in damage and breakage. When using these, ensure that the hair is dry. Your appliances should be set at 180 degrees, no higher! And, of course, use a salon-professional heat protector.

Chemical Treatments

Chemical processes such as colouring, lightening, and perming weaken the hair shaft, often damaging hair. This is why we always use the highest-quality products from Matrix Professional Haircare and in-salon additives to protect the hair during lightening. With any in-salon colour service, the condition of your hair is our priority.

Environmental Factors

Did you know that overexposure to sunlight and pollution can wreak havoc on your hair? These factors can damage the hair cuticle, leaving your strands dry, brittle, and lifeless. Taking good care of your locks is essential to keep them healthy and gorgeous!

Poor Hair Care Habits

Frequent washing, harsh shampoos, incorrect brushing techniques, and tight hairstyles can all damage hair over time.

Poor Health

 Of course, eating a good diet and drinking plenty of water is excellent for our bodies, skin, and hair. However, your hair will be affected when unwell, whether due to a minor cold or a severe health condition. Our experienced stylists can help explain this in further detail. Feel free to book a free consultation.

The Effects of Hair Damage

Before and after hair damage treatment

Lack of Moisture

Damaged hair often needs more moisture, resulting in dryness, frizz, and unmanageable hair. This will also prevent hair colours from delivering true colour results and hold, resulting in colour fade. 

Split ends and Breakage.

When the protective outer layer of the cuticle is damaged, the hair shaft can split, resulting in split ends that continuously break. This prevents hair growth and causes a lack of shine, volume, and thickness.


Have you ever wondered why your hair looks lifeless and dull even after a fresh wash? Well, the answer lies in the cuticle - the outermost layer of your hair. If damaged, the light reflection becomes uneven, making your hair look lacklustre and unhealthy.

Regular Trims

Do you know that trimming your hair regularly can do wonders for its health? It's true! You can prevent further damage and promote healthy hair growth by getting rid of those pesky split ends. So, why not give your hair some love and book that trim you've been putting off?

Using professional Salon Products

Professional hair salons like GH Hair Design can improve your hair health

Investing in quality salon products is the foundation of healthy hair; we offer a wide range of products at various prices in the salon. 

Limit heat styling by minimising the use of heat, turning appliances down to 180 degrees, and using an in-salon heat protector.

Be Gentle

Avoid aggressively brushing or styling. Thankfully, the backcombing days are over, and there are so many unique, gentle products to achieve the look you wish to accomplish without damage to the hair.

Protect From the Elements

Wear a hat or UV-protective hair products to shield yourself from the sun's harmful rays and environmental pollutants.

Professional Salon Treatments

GH Hair Design offers a range of deep conditioning, keratin, and protein treatments that can help restore hair's strength and vitality. Book a free consultation with one of our talented stylists to advise you on the best treatment.


Maintaining healthy hair requires awareness of the factors that cause damage, as prevention is always easier than cure. Good hair care routines keep the hair looking healthy and vibrant for years. GH Hair Design has a team of professional stylists ready to advise and help you on your journey to healthy-looking hair and the confidence everyone deserves.

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